Responsible Land Governance and Secure Tenure in Urban and Peri-Urban Areas
By: GLTN
04 August 2016
 

An Experts Group Meeting – EGM was organized to review and feedback the first report of the Scoping Study. More than 30 representatives from public and private sectors, CSOs, academia, international development agencies, social leaders and activists from all over the region were gathered on July14-15 2016 in San José, Costa Rica. Sessions were available via live stream and international experts, as well as, local practitioners joined.“Concepts, Contexts, and Solutions for Responsible Land Governance, and Secure Tenure in Latin America and the Caribbean” was the central theme of the EGM, having a particular relevance in the context of the Sustainable Development Goals - SDG; the formulation, and implementation of the New Urban Agenda – NUA, and the Third United Nations Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development - Habitat III.

The meeting pursued to operationalize the concepts of responsible governance, secure land tenure, and sustainable land use, to identify “patterns” of urban contexts, and best and promising practices, and possible solutions and tools to ensuring fair, prosperous inclusive, resilient, and sustainable cities. A regional network of researchers in 10 countries (Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Honduras, México, Jamaica and Dominican Republic) undertakes the Scoping Study with the supportive hypothesis that tenure issues, socio-spatial segregation, or ecological stress of urban and peri-urban land systems would not exist under a redistributive, inclusive, and sustainable approach to cities governance. An extensive desktop study, semi-structured interviews with more than 50 land experts, and face-to-face dialogue with mayors and municipal officers has been undertaken so far.

Main recommendations:

  • The concept of security of tenure has become more nuanced along the time; there is a tacit convention to link informal settlements with unsecure land tenure, however, examples show that this is not always the case.
  • The social function of land as a principle that can make land markets to work for the poor, and to achieve the full realization of the right to adequate housing
  • Strong need to raise awareness on the negative impact of having inappropriate urban land governance systems.
  • Celebrate the regional initiatives that lead to higher levels of urban land security of tenure, like the Brazilian and Colombian initiatives, the recently approved urban land law in Ecuador and the ongoing efforts in Mexico, Argentina and Chile, but recognising the existing challenges on implementation.
  • Final Agreements:

  • Strengthening the LAC Urban Land Tools Cluster to advance the dialogue, exchanges, and technical advice on land tenure and responsible governance among stakeholders in the LAC region
  • Use an open collaborative platform for documentation and enhance replica of good and promising land tools and practices, information and knowledge sharing, awareness rising and advocacy
  • Respond to the demand of technical advice from local governments in Bolivia, and Peru in the short term
  • Dissemination and validation of the Scoping Study at country/sub-region levels starting by Costa Rica (for Central America), Trinidad and Tobago (The Caribbean), and Peru (South America).
  • The conclusions recommendations and agreements will feed the final report of the study that will be presented at HABITAT III, Quito, 2016.

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